Hip impingement is when part of the soft tissue around the hip socket gets pinched or compressed. For example, the soft tissue called the labrum can become frayed or torn. This can happen when there is abnormal contact between the ball and socket of the hip joint. Friction increases during hip movements and various parts of the joint can be damaged. Also, the bone itself can wear abnormally. There may be too much hip adduction, or movement of the leg toward the body. Alternately, the muscles that move the leg away from the body can be weakened.
What causes hip impingement?
Impingement of the hip can be caused by:
- Stress on the hip joint
- A fall or other direct injury to the area
- Normal wear-and-tear of aging
- Arthritis and osteoarthritis
How to treat hip impingement?
Treating an impingement of the hip must go from most conservative to more aggressive treatment. Initially, the following treatments are recommended:
- Resting the affected hip
- Immobilizing the injured hip
- Exercises recommended by your doctor or physical therapist to rehabilitate and strengthen the muscles around the hip
- Medication to reduce the hip swelling and pain
If the above methods don’t work, arthroscopic surgery may be necessary. What type of surgical actions the doctor performs during the surgery will depend on the type and severity of hip impingement.